Mexican avocado shipments drop as California, Peru, and Colombia ramp up

From Fresh Fruit Portal | 28 May 2024

Overview of avocados in the U.S. market, complemented by charts from Agronometrics. Original published on May 28, 2024.


The latest report from Avobook shows that in week 20, Mexican avocado exports to the U.S. dropped below 40 million pounds for the first time since 2023, reaching 33.4 million pounds. 

Volumes from California are ramping up, reaching 15.5 million pounds in week 20. In terms of imports, Colombia is second to Mexico, with 3.3 million pounds imported into the U.S. during week 20. Peru earned third place for imports with 2.4 million pounds. 

Projections from the Hass Avocado Board show that volumes from Peru should peak between weeks 29 and 31, reaching 18 million pounds. 

Colombia is currently at its peak season, and volumes are expected to remain above 1 million pounds per week until August. 

In week 20, Mexican avocado exports to the U.S. were lower than in 2023, when the country exported around 45 million pounds.

avocado volumes by origi

Source: USDA Market News via Agronometrics.
(Agronometrics users can view this chart with live updates here)


In the case of California, earlier this month, the state’s Avocado Commission said they expect promotable volumes through the July 4th holiday, after which volumes will decrease. 

“Demand in April was quite strong and the percentage of the crop harvested this year is ahead of last year. In early May, about 25% of the California avocado crop has been picked,” said Terry Splane, vice president of marketing for the California Avocado Commission.

Other markets

The report shows that outside the U.S., Canada is the main destination of Mexican avocados. The state of Michoacan has sent 58% of its exports (excluding the U.S.) to Canada.

Jalisco exported over 60% of its avocados to the U.S. between weeks 1 and 15 of 2024, followed by Canada with just over 17%. 

For Michoacan, Asia is its second-largest export market, with almost 25% of its exports (excluding the U.S.).

US Hass inventory

The total inventory of conventional and organic Hass avocados registered in the U.S. on week 20 was 67.7 million pounds of which 37 million pounds came from Mexico, 24 million from California, and 4.7 million from Colombia. The remainder came from the Dominican Republic and Peru. 

Sales in week 20 rose to 53.2 million pounds. 

China

Currently, Peru is the only supplier of avocados to China, with 71 containers delivered in week 20. Shipments have dropped, and prices are falling. In large sizes, they have fallen by 15%, while in small ones, between 7% and 10%. The average price for 4kg boxes was $14.71 on week 20.

Europe

Peruvian avocado volumes are also down in Europe, but Peru continues to lead that market, with 63% of all its exports destined for the region.

The drop from Peru has facilitated the entry of Colombian fruit. Additionally, South Africa jumped from 40 to 317 containers, due to fluctuations in shipments caused by problems in the shipping route.

This balance between supply and demand helped end inventory saturation and improve prices.


The News in Charts is a collection of stories from the industry complemented by charts from Agronometrics to help better tell their story.

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