Agronometrics Shorts: Organic Export Surge – Mexico and U.S. Set New Records in 2023

By Agronometrics | 17 June 2024

According to a recently published report by the USDA, the trade in organic products between the United States and Mexico reached record highs in 2023. The top five organic exports from the United States to Mexico in 2023 were apples, pears, grapes, spinach, and lettuce. Conversely, Mexico’s top five organic exports to the United States in 2023 were avocados, strawberries, raspberries, blackberries, and tomatoes. Mexico prioritizes exporting its organic products to the United States and Canadian markets due to their proximity and efficient transportation channels, despite having numerous free trade agreements with other countries. Mexico exports large volumes of organic products to the United States that either complement existing U.S. products or fill gaps due to climatic conditions, including avocados, tropical fruits, coffee, and honey. Additionally, Mexico exports products that directly compete with U.S. organic products, such as berries. Many Mexican producers have reported that the premium price for organic products does not adequately cover the production and certification costs for the domestic market. However, in the northern border states, favorable infrastructure and logistics facilitate exports to the United States, rendering this market more profitable than the domestic one. Mexico frequently supplies the U.S. market during the off-season for U.S. production. For example, while strawberry production in central Mexico is primarily conventional and destined for local markets, 95 percent of the strawberries cultivated in Baja California are organic and exported to the United States, with a price differential of 25 percent.

Written by Sarah Ilyas

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